History of Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh is a northern state, which is nothing less than a paradise. Not the highest peak in the state, but there are many places for mountaineering. The people of Himachal are multilingual and they communicate in many languages. The state language of Himachal Pradesh is Hindi and himachali. Himachal is the second most famous language Pahadi. Apart from this, Dogri, Kangri and Kinnauri , mandyali languages are also used in the state.
Land of God:-
Himachal pradesh is the land of gods, based on Hindu beliefs, it is believed that Lord Shiva considered the Himalayas as his home and most of the state is surrounded by the Himalayas. In modern literature, Tourists entering Himachal from the state of Punjab also see a board called “Welcome to the land of gods” on the way.
Also the state has many pilgrimage sites like Chamunda Devi Temple, Naina Devi Temple, Vajreshwari Devi Temple, Bhimakali Temple, Jawalaji Temple, Chintapurni, Baijnath Temple, Bijli Mahadev, Manu Temple, Renuka Lake and Jakhu Temple. The state is also known as “Dev Bhoomi” because of its mention in ancient religious texts.
The state is also famous for adventure tourism activities such as ice skating in Shimla, bir biling and paragliding in Solang Valley, skiing in Manali, rafting in Kullu, boating in Bilaspur and trekking and horse riding in various parts of the state.
Lahaul Spiti :–
Valley in is situated at an altitude of 3000 meters and is an important destination for adventure tourists. The region also houses Asia’s oldest Buddhist monastery.
Himachal Pradesh is also known for film shooting. Films like Roja, Hina, Jab We Met, Indian Babu, Veer-Zara, Yeh Jawaani Hai Deewani and Highway have been shot in Himachal Pradesh.
From 24 October to 31 October 2015, Himachal Pradesh hosted the first Paragliding World Cup in India. Bir Billing in Himachal is the hub of Hawaii Khelo and one of the best places to paragliding.
Culure of Himachal Pradesh :-
Himachal Pradesh is a multi-lingual, multilingual as well as multicultural state. Tribal people also live in Himachal Pradesh. Himachal is mainly known for handicrafts. Carpets, leather work, shawls, kangra paintings, chambrumal, metal objects, woodwork and painting are the main examples of handicrafts here. The demand for Pashmina shawls of Himachal Pradesh is not only in Himachal Pradesh, but also in the whole country.
Hats of Himachal (Shan-e-Himachal)
Himachali hats are mainly known for their workmanship. Local music and dance are known as cultural identities of the state. They pray to God at the local festival and special festivals through dance and music.
Apart from Melo and Mahotsavo, many other festivals are also celebrated with great pomp and show. Melos are organized at various places in the region.
Religion of Himachal Pradesh
The main religion of Himachal Pradesh is Hindu. More than 95% of the total population believe in Hinduism. Himachal Pradesh has the highest proportion of Hindus in comparison to other state and federal provinces in India.
People of other religions living in Himachal Pradesh mainly include people of Islam, Buddhism and Sikhism. Muslims are mainly found in Chamba, Sirmaur, Una and Solan districts.
Delicious Kangri Dham :-
The food of Himachal Pradesh is like that of most North Indians. They also have lentils, broth, rice, vegetables and bread. In comparison to other states of North India, non-vegetarian food is also preferred here. Special food items of Himachal Pradesh include mahani madhara, chaukchak, bhajjeri, patir, and sesame sauce.
Some interesting things about Himachal Pradesh
Date of formation – 25, January 1971
• Area – 55,673 sq km
• Density – 123 sq km
• Population (2011) – 68,64,602
Number of districts – 12
• Capital – Shimla
Rivers – Ravi, Chenab, Sutlej, Bias, Yamuna
• Jungle and National Parks – Greater Himalaya, Renuka, Pin Valley National Park, Chil, Kalatope Khajjiyar, Symbalabra
• Languages - Hindi, English, Kinnauri, Pahari, Kangri and mandyali.
• Neighborhood States – Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Haryana